Monday, July 10, 2017

Mississippi River Clean-Up ...

Doug Snedden & Mayor Louis Antonakos

Plaque Inscription:

Presented to DOUG SNEDDEN
For his tireless contributions in cleaning up the
Mississippi River and for helping to secure a 9,000 sq. ft.
Emergency Room at the Carleton Place & District Memorial Hospital.
By the Mayor, Council and Staff, of the Town of Carleton Place.
March 28,2017

Mississippi River Clean-Up

(Since 2005)

Project Administrator: Doug Snedden

Last Updated: May 9, 2018


Since 2005, this self-funding self-supporting one person clean-up project has been focused on cleaning up and restoring our local waterways, streams and lake.  After 332 volunteer days (2,650 hours) on or in the water there has been over 60 tons of non-biodegradable waste removed from the Mississippi River in and around the Carleton Place area since the beginning of the project (there is an estimated 450 tons of non-biodegradable waste remaining in the river system today). Non-biodegradable waste materials include: plastic bags, plastic bottles, tin cans, styrofoam, fiberglass, synthetics, metals and tires. Currently, there are no agencies, associations, conservation authorities or sponsors directly supporting this or any project to remove non-biodegradable waste from our river system.

A healthy community starts with a healthy river. Rivers connect us to each other, to nature and to future generations. By stopping contaminants from getting into sources of drinking water - lakes, rivers and aquifers - we can provide the first line of defence in the protection of our environment and the health of all residents who rely on the Mississippi River.

Primary Job Description

Secure all necessary equipment; maintain blog; plan the recovery drop locations; oversee the drop locations during the cleanup; scout the river to locate trash concentrations; coordinate water-craft activities; coordinate land trash sites; coordinate vehicle-related activities; arrange for handling and disposing of trash; coordinate trash-handling activities during the cleanup; participate in the physical removal of solid waste trash from the river; follow common sense rules, regulations and procedures regarding river safety, boat operations, equipment handling and all other aspects of conducting a safe river cleanup.

Basic Equipment Requirements Each Year

Water craft transport vehicle and maintenance; water craft; trailer; first aid kit; sunscreen; bug spray; drinking water; snacks; cell phone; extra heavy-duty trash bags; sledge hammer; scoop shovel; pry bar; long and short pike poles; life jacket; dry storage box, work gloves; water safety footwear; eye protection; trash site flags; water craft markers; parking pylons; safety ropes; goggles and snorkel gear; and additional safety clothing and flotation equipment if required.
200 gallon oil tank removed from the river

200 gallon oil tank one day out of the river

town garbage barrel

two deer

Carleton Place River Clean Up 2
tractor trailer tire
Carleton Place River Clean Up 5
two barrels two tires in two minutes
ten foot steel drill shaft
cleaning up the river one piece at a time
truck liner removed from river

empty wallet
another ten foot steel drill shaft
aluminum siding
three more ten foot steel drill shafts
six inch cast iron pipe
one boat load
fifth load today
typical load
big day
one week-end
computer keyboard another barrel
curling club sign
paint can

shopping cart
three more ten foot steel drill shafts

ski-doo frame
aluminum kettle
two spectators

behind Cardel
window frame

more tires more plastics
computer monitor

more ten foot steel drill shafts

duct work vent boot top right
industrial door counter weight lower right
office chair
mag rims

trailer hitch top center
foundry ?

white walls
Liberal campaign sign

wheel cover

Ottawa Citizen box

giant tire

old mallet

bicycle wheel

cast iron pipe

motorcycle tire

couch cushion

Tim Horton's - again and again and again

stop here on red signal sign

vacuum cleaner

four more ten foot steel drill shafts and a wagon wheel

copper kettle

DRS for sale sign

help me help you
2016 River Clean-Up Inventory (114 days in or on the water)

156 tires, 9810 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 12 50-gallon metal barrels, 1 plastic 50-gallon barrel, 10 bicycles, approx. 2170 plastic bottles, 2015 aluminum cans, 816 glass bottles, 523 plastic bags, 349 assorted pieces of clothing and rags, 145 golf balls, 141 iron railway clamps and spikes, 133 shoes, 124 plastic beer cups, 64 aluminum pots, 49 flip flops, 24 lawn chairs, 16 hub caps, 13 steel t-frame fence posts, 11 javax bottles, 9 tea cups, 9 pieces of aluminum siding, 8 metal pots, 8 one hundred pound 2" thick steel 10' long drill shafts, 8 small plastic toys, 6 broken beer mugs, 6 bicycle tires on rims, 6 plastic hanging flower pots, 5 plastic toy buckets, 5 pylons, 5 headlights, 4 fishing rods, 3 soccer balls, 3 large metal cooking pots, 3 snow shovels, 3 wallets, 3 computers, 3 metal tea pots, 3 dog collars, 3 car mag rims, 2 large metal shopping carts, 2 metal bed frames, 2 24" steel industrial container lids, 2 car tubes, 2 12' aluminum flag poles, 2 aluminum minnow buckets, 2 6' pieces of metal strapping, 2 purses, 2 winter jackets, 2 36" x 4" metal rings,  2 truck drive belts, 2 campaign signs, 2 8' lead pipes,   2 25' garden hoses, 2 steel sign stands, 2 5' car exhaust pipes, 2 8' x 10' fibreglass tarps, 2 plastic toy figurines, 1 large 4' x 6' commercial real estate sign, 1 25' marine rope, 1 motorcycle rim, 1 front wheel on rim tractor tire, 1 2 person rubber dinghy, 1 250lb. industrial drive shaft,  1 6' by 10" piece of cast iron piping, 1 bicycle rim, 1 citizen newspaper box, 1 flower water pot, 1 metal garden spade, 1 20' x 10' fibreglass tarp, 1 TV, 1 car muffler, 1 car phone charger, 1 bed pan, 1 crank shaft, 1 metal table frame, 1 kids wagon, 1 tricycle, 1 plastic floating pool chair, 1 metal road sign, 1 5-gallon metal can, 1 industrial wood/steel mallet, 1 fishing reel, 1 standard car rim, 1 wooden/iron hay wagon axle, 1 wooden/metal hay wagon wheel, 1 wooden/metal hay wagon ski, 1 industrial drive shaft, 1 10' roll of linoleum, 1 step stool, 1 truck alternator, 1 4' x 5" cast iron pipe, 1 baby stroller, 1 3' iron ring, 1 3' piece of steel mesh, 1 large metal road sign with two wooden posts, 1 metal boat seat frame, 1 8' x3" piece of leather strapping, 1 car jack, 1 golf ball retrieving extension pole, 1 50' length of rubber high pressure hose, 1 water ski zip cover, 1 5' piece of 4" ABS pipe, 1 lawn mower wheel, 1 5' x12" piece of tin, 1 ski doo ski, 1 large toy pail, 1 alternator, 1 aluminum wagon handle, 1 100 lb. metal/concrete counter weight, 1 leaf rake, 1 steel mesh garbage can, 1 cast iron barbecue grill, 1 walker, 1 partial dock with two steel support poles, 1 set of electric hair curlers, 1 recycle shopping bag, 1 aluminum garden shovel handle, 1 10' piece of heavy plastic, 1 8' piece of heavy plastic, 1 5' piece of exhaust pipe, 1 12' x 4" abs drain pipe, 1 4' x 4" black abs pipe, 1 3' steel girder, 1 large riding tonka plastic toy truck, 1 plastic toy car, 1 6' piece of chicken wire fencing, 1 plastic doll, 1 3' stainless steel rod, 1 guitar neck, 1 paint can, 1 tennis racket carrying case, I minnow trap, 1 deck umbrella, 1 office chair, 1 8" cast iron ring, 1 gym bag, 1 steel truck hitch, 1 laundry basket, 1 steel bathroom safety handle, 1 golf club, 1 3' plastic religious statue, 1 crank shaft, 1 aluminum screen window frame, 1 wooden window frame casing, 1 scrub bucket, 1 metal folding table, I 4' synthetic piece of xmas decoration, 1 soccer ball, 1 nerf ball, 1 stainless steel high pressure water hose nozzle, 1 aluminum 3' piece of 4" downspout, 1 tin candy container, 1 pad lock, 1 frisbee, 1 cell phone, 1 vacuum cleaner, 1 computer cord, 1 radio, half a plastic lawn chair, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments (approx. 10,340 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 37,850 lbs.)

2015 River Clean-Up Inventory (27 days in or on the water)

45 tires, 595 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 7 metal 50-gallon barrels, 2 plastic rain barrels, 21 large pieces of plastic, 315 aluminium cans, 102 plastic bottles, 26 glass bottles, 2 lawn chairs, 2 aluminium pots, 1 bar stool, 1 kitchen chair, 8 plastic toys, 3 car rims, 1 hub cap, 1 disk brake, 1 bicycle, 2 road signs, 1 pylon, 1 10" metal industrial elbow, 1 metal real estate sign, 1 broken recycle box, 1 private property sign, 1 shopping cart, 1 piece of rigid form insulation, 1 pressure treated wooden dock, 1 aquarium, 1 town picnic table, 1 tire filled with concrete, scaffolding, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 700 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 7,000 lbs.)

2014 River Clean-Up Inventory (25 days in or on the water)

107 tires, 2520 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 13 metal 50-gallon barrels, 4 plastic 50-gallon barrels, 2 bicycles, 1120 pieces of plastic, 305 aluminium cans, 70 glass bottles, 49 assorted pieces of clothing and rags, 21 shoes, 8 lawn chairs, 4 plastic toys, 2 hub caps, 1 road pylon, 3 metal posts, 3 docks, 4 plastic drinking bottles, 20 feet of outdoor carpeting, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 400 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed:7,400 lbs.)

2013 River Clean-Up Inventory (38 days in or on the water)

112 tires, 1 oversize truck tire, 1 200-gallon oil tank, 5 metal 50-gallon barrels, 1 full size dodge pick up truck plastic bed liner, 2 hub caps, 1 fender, 450 aluminium cans, 235 glass bottles, 173 plastic bottles, 31 green garbage bags, 900 lbs. of scrap iron, 10 pieces of rebar, 6 one hundred pound 2" thick steel 10' long drill shafts, 1 100 lb. piece of scrap metal, 1 5' 100 lb. piece of cast iron, 1 70 lb. trailer axle, 1 2' cast iron coupling, 1 3' piece of half inch cable, 3 office chairs, 2 lawn chairs, 1 lawn chair cushion, 5 10' pieces of aluminium siding, 1 8' length of eves trough, 1 4' piece of aluminium soffit, 1 10' piece of metal pipe, 8 shoes, 2 blankets, 1 winter coat, 1 work boot, 3 carpets, 2 five gallon plastic buckets, 2 aluminium tea pots, 2 aluminium bowls, 7 metal cooking pots, 1 frying pan, 2 kitchen tables, 1 large picnic table with a heavy metal base, 1 canvas table umbrella, 1 steel door frame, 1 scooter, 1 broken canoe paddle, 1 broken boat oar, 1 2' piece of aluminium tubing, 1 rubber hose, 1 town road barrier, 1 tarp, 1 toy fish pail, 1 hard plastic guide wire cable guard, 1 computer casing, 2 dingy paddles, 2 bicycle rims, 1 bicycle tube, 1 8' commercial size pallet, 1 wooden ladder, 1 aluminium saucer sleigh, 1 weight-lifting bar, 1 air pump handle, 1 5' piece of abs pipe, 2 frisbees, 1 5' length of 1" cable, 18 large sheets of clear plastic, 1 metal storage rack, I road pylon, 1 metal garbage can, 2 sleeping bags, 1 small pressure treated wooden platform, 1 makeup bag, 2 stereo speakers, 1 metal pail, 3 foam bait containers, 1 fishing net float, 1 industrial broom, 1 4' piece of plastic tubing, 1 6"x10"x12' pressure treated eye beam, 1 air-tire float, 1 coffee table leg, 1 small safe, 1 skateboard wheel, 1 industrial door wheel, 2 soccer balls, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 1400 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 18,000 lbs.)

2012 River Clean-Up Inventory (30 days in or on the water)

301 tires, 3410 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 29 metal 50-gallon barrels, 27 bicycles, 608 pieces of plastic, 457 aluminium cans, 243 glass bottles, 51 railroad spikes, 48 golf balls, 46 assorted pieces of clothing and rags, 36 shoes, 20 cups, saucers and plates, 11 lawn chairs, 9 plastic toys, 8 aluminium kettles, 6 hub caps, 5 road pylons, 4 credit cards, 3 bath mats, 2 pairs of sunglasses, 2 Tyco signs, 1 metal posts, 2 flashing construction warning signs, 2 docks, 2 office chairs, 2 bicycle cable locks, 2 plastic drinking bottles, 2 security safes, 1 truck drive shaft, 1 car dash board, 1 microwave oven, 1 television, 1 upright vacuum cleaner, 1 dispensing machine, 1 ice auger, 1 snow shovel, 1 clothing rack, 1 metal lawn roller, 1 shopping cart, 1 Carleton Place Curling Club road sign with steel post, 1 recliner, 1 high chair, 1 ski-doo frame, 1 bicycle carrier basket, 1 fibreglass boat hull, 1 skipping rope, 1 restaurant table, 1 patio umbrella, 1 CB radio, 1 duffel bag, 1 plastic shed, 1 tent, 1 computer keyboard, 1 two-seater plastic toboggan, 1 industrial air conditioner sheet metal cap, 40 feet of synthetic rope, 8 feet of outdoor carpeting, 1 piece of aluminium siding (12 foot panel), and 1 five foot plastic arcade game, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 900 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 17,000 lbs.)

2011 River Clean-Up Inventory (25 days in or on the water)

56 tires, 2 metal 50-gallon barrels, 3 hub caps, 240 aluminium cans, 87 glass bottles, 95 plastic bottles, 16 green garbage bags, 400 lbs. of scrap iron, 1 office chair, 4 lawn chairs, 2 10' pieces of aluminium siding, 19 shoes, 1 blankets, 3 work boots, 1 ten by ten carpet, 1 five gallon plastic buckets, 5 aluminium bowls, 2 metal cooking pots, 1 picnic table, 30 feet of rubber hose, 3 tarps, 1 clock radio, 7 bicycle rims, 1 frisbee, 3 road pylons, 4 metal garbage cans, 7 foam bait containers, 1 dining room table, 5 soccer balls, 1 tv, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 350 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 7,500 lbs.)

2010 River Clean-Up Inventory (23 days in or on the water)

23 tires, 580 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 4 metal 50-gallon barrels, 1 bicycle, 468 pieces of plastic, 198 aluminium cans, 28 glass bottles, 51 assorted pieces of clothing and rags, 11 shoes, 5 lawn chairs, 4 plastic toys, 1 aluminium kettle, 1 dock, 2 computer screens, 1 industrial dock float, 1 aluminium boat, 1 large dam log, 1 rubber raft, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 1000 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 8,000 lbs.)

2009 River Clean-Up Inventory (18 days in or on the water)

36 tires, 3 metal 50-gallon barrels, 7 hub caps, 1140 aluminium cans, 354 glass bottles, 53 plastic bottles, 23 green garbage bags, 490 lbs. of scrap iron, 6 lawn chairs, 13 shoes, 1 blanket, 2 picnic tables, 1 tent, 60 feet of one inch plastic tubing, 4 pallets, 3 large sheets of clear plastic, 4 metal garbage cans, 3 large industrial spools, 1 large industrial door, 1 refrigerator, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 300 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 6,000 lbs.)

2008 River Clean-Up Inventory (12 days in or on the water)

67 tires, 170 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 1 metal 50-gallon barrels, 340 pieces of plastic, 228 aluminium cans, 65 glass bottles, 26 pieces of clothing and rags, 9 shoes, 3 lawn chairs, 24 plastic toys, 2 aluminium kettles, 34 feet of barb wire, 1 pressure treated eight by eight platform, 1 busted duck blind made of pressure treated wood, 3 plastic lawn chairs, 1 washing machine, 4 car rims, 1 large seven foot piece of doc foam, 2 minnow pails, 1 suit case, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 600 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 5,500 lbs.)

2007 River Clean-Up Inventory (7 days in or on the water)

41 tires, 57 aluminium cans, 85 glass bottles, 98 plastic bottles, 6 green garbage bags, 200 lbs. of scrap iron, 1 sunken wooden boat, 13 lawn chairs, 4 shoes, 3 work boots, 1 large aluminium spaghetti pot, 1 kitchen chair, 1 picnic table, 1 canoe, 9 plastic toys, 1 car rim, 7 tennis balls, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 500 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 3,800 lbs.)

2006 River Clean-Up Inventory (9 days in or on the water)

27 tires, 300 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 2 metal 50-gallon barrels, 3 bicycles, 170 pieces of plastic, 92 aluminium cans, 44 glass bottles, 6 golf balls, 21 pieces of clothing and rags, 6 shoes, 10 plastic cups, 5 lawn chairs, 1 pressure treated dock, 2 anchors, one aluminium shovel, one baby seat, one plastic end table, 3 ten foot pieces of aluminium siding, 1 bird house, and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments  (approx. 200 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 3,000 lbs.)

2005 River Clean-Up Inventory (4 days in or on the water)

21 tires, 160 pounds of scrap iron and steel, 1 metal 50-gallon barrels, 2 bicycles, 367 pieces of plastic, 240 aluminium cans, 91 glass bottles, 14 pieces of clothing and rags, 9 shoes, 8 lawn chairs, 2 aluminium boats, 1 freezer, 1 electric boat motor, 2 fishing tackle boxes, 1 fishing rod, 1 skate and a large assortment of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments (approx. 850 pieces).
(est. Total Gross Weight Removed: 2,500 lbs.)

Environmental Impact Of Discarded Tires In Our River System

Tires represent a serious environmental concern on many fronts, especially discarded tires in our river system. Tires that are thrown in the river instead of recycled can cause serious environmental problems when the chemicals they contain are released into the water environment -- the breakdown of tires releases hazardous wastes. Tires contain oils that contaminate the river basin; they also consist of heavy metals such as lead.

Rubber tire materials contain toxic compounds including oils rich in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), so-called highly aromatic (HA) oils, as well as other reactive additives used as antioxidants, antiozonants, and vulcanization accelerators. The toxicity of rubber tire leachates to aquatic organisms is deadly.

Controlled environment fish studies have been conducted with two types of tires: a tire containing HA oils in the tread or a tire free of HA oils in the tread. After 1 day of exposure, an induction of cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) was evident in all exposed groups of fish, measured as elevated ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity and increased CYP1A1 mRNA levels. After two weeks of exposure, EROD activity and CYP1A1 mRNA were still high in fish exposed to leachate from HA oil-containing tire, whereas the effect was somewhat lower in fish exposed to leachate from HA oil-free tread tire. Compounds in the tire leachates also affected antioxidant parameters. Total glutathione concentration in liver as well as hepatic glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities were markedly elevated after two weeks of exposure in both groups. The responses were greater in the group exposed to leachate from HA oil-free tread tire. Vitellogenin measurements did not indicate leakage of estrogenic compounds from the tires. Chemical analyses of bile from exposed fish revealed the presence of hydroxylated PAH as well as aromatic nitrogen compounds indicating uptake of these compounds by the fish.

Special Note: On one short stretch of the Mississippi River in Carleton Place between Arklan Island and the Highway 7 Bridge, there has been approximately 992 tires documented and removed from the Mississippi River since 2005.

Environmental Impact Of Plastics In Our River System

Plastic debris not only causes aesthetic problems but also presents a hazard to marine life. The quantities and effects of plastic debris in natural terrestrial habitats and in fresh water is staggering. Most plastics (polymers) are buoyant in water, and since items of plastic debris such as cartons, bottles and plastic bags often trap air, substantial quantities of plastic debris accumulate in concentrations in certain areas on the Mississippi River. Despite their buoyant nature, plastics can become fouled with marine life and sediment causing items to sink to the riverbed.

Phthalates and BPA affect reproduction in all fish and animal groups that depend on the river for food. Development is also impaired in crustaceans and amphibians. Molluscs and amphibians appear to be particularly sensitive to these compounds. Most plasticizers appear to act by interfering with hormone function. BPA concentrations in aquatic environments vary considerably, but can be very high in freshwater systems and concentrations in sediments are generally several orders of magnitude higher than in the water column.

Special Note: On one short stretch of the Mississippi River in Carleton Place between Arklan Island and the Highway 7 Bridge, there has been approximately 27,000 solid waste pieces (over 16,000 pieces of broken glass, pieces of metal, and plastic fragments included) removed from the Mississippi River since 2005.

Environmental Impact Of Metal Pollution In Our River System

All heavy metals, including those that are essential micronutrients (e.g. copper, zinc, etc.), are toxic to algae at high concentrations. One characteristic feature of heavy-metal toxicity is the poisoning and inactivation of enzyme systems. Many of the physiological and biochemical processes, viz., photosynthesis, respiration, protein synthesis and chlorophyll synthesis, etc., are severely affected at high metal concentrations.

Heavy-metal pollution causes reduction in species diversity leading to the dominance of a few tolerant algal forms. The primary productivity also decreases after metal supplementation. Several factors affect and determine toxicity of heavy metals to algae. At low pH, the availability of heavy metals to algae is greatly increased, as a consequence of which pronounced toxicity is evident. Hard waters decrease metal toxicity. Some ions, e.g., calcium, magnesium and phosphorus, can alleviate toxicity of metals.

The presence of other metals can influence toxicity of a heavy metal through simple additive effect or by synergistic and antagonistic interactions. Similarly, other pollutants can influence heavy-metal toxicity. The toxicity of heavy metals depends upon their chemical speciation. Various ionic forms of a metal characterized by different valency states, may be differentially toxic to a test alga.

Heavy-metal toxicity largely depends upon algal population density: the denser the population the more numerous the cellular sites available, leading to decreased toxicity.

Special Note: On one short stretch of the Mississippi River in Carleton Place between Arklan Island and the Highway 7 Bridge, there has been approximately 123,200 lbs. gross weight of solid waste that has been documented and removed from the river since 2005.


For many years, our area has been known for its use by large numbers of waterfowl. The marshes provide important staging habitat for significant numbers of several different species of waterfowl during migration. Our wildlife area and river provides birds with a safe haven from hunters and recreational boating as they migrate south each fall. Up to 1000 ducks can pass through in a day during fall migration, with American Black Duck (Anas rubripes), Blue-wingedTeal (Anas discors), Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Wood Duck (Aix sponsa), and Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris) being the most common.

Waterfowl species reported breeding in our area include Mallard, American Black Duck, Wood Duck, Blue-winged Teal and Canada Goose (Branta Canadensis).  Several species of marsh dependent waterbirds have been recorded, including American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus), Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola), Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana), Sora (Porzana carolina) and the federally threatened Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis).

Waterbird species reported breeding in our area include the Common Loon (Gavia immer), Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustrisi), Virginia Rail, Black Tern (Chilidonias niger), Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) and Common Tern (Sterna hirundo).

There is limited information on land bird species and use of our upland habitats. However, recent bird surveys reported over 50 species of land birds using a variety of habitats (i.e., upland forest, old field, meadow and wetland). Land bird species reported include warblers (e.g., Yellow-rumped Warbler [Dendroica coronata] and threatened Canada Warbler [Cardellina canadensis], thrushes (e.g. Wood Thrush [Hylocichla mustelina]), sparrows (e.g. Swamp Sparrow [Melospiza georgiana] and raptors (e.g. Osprey [Pandion haliaetus]). The majority of landbird species reported are migratory species and will use our area as a stopover and possibly breeding habitat. Land bird species confirmed breeding in our area include the Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis), the Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon), Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus), Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus) and the Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus).


The Mississippi River and Lake area are also home to a variety of mammals including the Short-tailed Shrew (Blarina brevicauda), Masked Shrew (Sorex cinereus), Meadow Vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), Deer Mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) and the Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus) (EC-CWS, 1980). The marsh areas provide habitat for several species of fur bearers including North American Beaver, River Otter (Lutra canadensis) and Muskrat. Black Bear (Ursus americanus), RedSquirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), Raccoon (Procyon lotor), White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus viginianus), Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus), SnowshoeHare (Lepus americanus) and Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) can also be found in our area.
Reptiles and Amphibians

Fourteen species of reptiles and amphibians have been reported in our area, including seven species of frogs and toads (e.g., Green Frog [Rana clamitans], Tetraploid Gray Tree Frog [Hyla versicolor], American Bullfrog [Rana catesbeiana], Northern Leopard Frog [Rana pipiens], Wood Frog [Rana sylvatica], Northern Spring Peeper [Pseudacris crucifer] and Eastern American Toad [Bufo americanus]), two snakes (Eastern Garter Snake [Thamnophis sirtalis] and Northern Water Snake [Nerodia sipedon]), three turtle species (Midland Painted Turtle [Chrysemys picta marginata], Eastern MuskTurtle, also known as Stinkpot [Sternotherus odoratus] and Snapping Turtle [Chelydra serpentine] and one salamander (Northern Redback Salamander [Plethodon cinereus]).  Our area has been identified as an important habitat for American Bullfrogs, and studies reported an abundant population. However, bullfrog surveys in 2001 and 2003 suggest a decline in American Bullfrogs. In 2003, the population could not be estimated due to a small sample size. The American Bullfrog population has not been formally surveyed since 2003 due to poor habitat suitability; however, the species was found within our area in 2008, 2009 and 2012.


The Mississippi River and Lake are a popular site for sport fishing, supporting both warm and coldwater fish species. Nineteen species were recorded with Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens) being the most abundant, followed by Pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus), Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu), Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), Northern Pike (Esox lucius), Rock Bass (Ambloplites rupestris), Log Perch (Percina caprodes) and Walleye/YellowPickerel (Sander vitreus). Some of the creeks passing through or entering our river system provide spawning areas for Walleye, Northern Pike and Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides). Walleye, Largemouth Bass and Black Crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) are all introduced species in Mississippi Lake. In the past, Mississippi Lake has been stocked with Smallmouth Bass, Walleye, LakeTrout (Salvelinus namaycush) and Lake Whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis). Fish stocking was discontinued in 1980,  but the lake is managed by a self-sustaining fishery.


The area wetlands produce numerous flying insects, which insectivorous bird species consume to fuel their spring and fall migrations. Field visits and surveys have reported several species of dragonflies, damselflies and butterflies.  The Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), listed as a special concern species, has been reported in our area. Monarchs use our River and Lake area as migratory and stopover habitat during late summer and early fall, stopping to feed on plants or roost in trees on their way south to their wintering grounds.

Species at Risk

Ten species have been reported at risk in the Mississippi River and Lake areas, including the endangered Butternut, threatened Eastern Musk Turtle, Canada Warbler, Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera), Least Bittern and special concern Broad Beech Fern (Phegopteris hexagonoptera), Monarch butterfly, Snapping Turtle, Redshouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) and RustyBlackbird (Euphagus carolinus).  In addition, the Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica), Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus), Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) and Wood Thrush, assessed and designated as threatened, and Eastern Wood-pewee (Contopus virens), assessed and designated as special, have been observed in our area. The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and Black Tern are provincial species at risk also classified as special concern.

The Mississippi River is a tributary of the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario in Canada. It is 200 kilometres (120 mi) in length from its source in Upper Mazinaw Lake, has a drainage area of 4,450 square kilometres (1,720 sq mi), and has a mean discharge of 40 cubic metres per second (1,400 cu ft/s). There are more than 250 lakes in the watershed. Communities along the river include the village of Lanark, the towns of Carleton Place, Mississippi Mills (including towns of Almonte and Pakenham), and Galetta. Here it enters the Ottawa River.

From its headwaters at Mazinaw Lake to its confluence at the Ottawa River near Fitzroy Harbour, the river drops 323 metres (1,060 ft) in elevation. It begins on the Canadian Shield (mostly gneiss and marble), and then, after Carleton Place, flows through limestone and clay plains. At Carleton Place, there are rapids with limestone cliffs. This area supports the largest stand of hackberry trees in the region.

Most of the upper landscape is temperate deciduous forest dominated by sugar maple, American beech, and red oak. At one time, the forests had much more eastern hemlock, but this was logged out to produce bark for the tanning industry. Now, large hemlock stands are uncommon. Most forests are less than a century old.

The irregular terrain of the watershed arises out of an old mountain chain which was once higher than the Himalayas. It has since been eroded to mostly gneiss and marble hills, with occasional outcrops of granite. Lower in the watershed, there are younger limestone rocks. Most of these are covered by clay deposited when this area was covered by the Champlain Sea.

Occasional large wetlands occur along the river. One of the largest is the Innisville Wetlands, a provincially significant wetland that is also designated an Area of Natural and Scientific Interest. Another large wetland is the Appleton Silver Maple Swamp. These wetlands depend upon the seasonal cycles of the river. High water periods in the spring flood large areas creating wetland soils and large areas of marsh. As water levels slowly fall, conditions suitable for swamp forests occur. This natural seasonal alternation between high and lower water levels is essential for creating the natural diversity of wetlands along the river.

Upstream, in Lanark County, there are two sections of the river that are important for their plant communities. The first section of interest includes the east end of Dalhousie Lake and the swamp - and marsh-lined portion of the Mississippi River from the lake almost to Sheridans Rapids. Shallow lakes and adjacent river make up the provincially significant McCullochs Mud Lake Wetland. The second portion of interest is the rocky, rapid-filled section of the river from Sheridans Rapids down to just past Playfairville. Here there are small populations of unusual species including Parnassia glauca (Grass-of-parnassus), Platanthera flava (Tubercled Orchid) and Spiranthes lucida (Shining Ladies'-tresses).

Downstream, where the Mississippi enters the Ottawa River, there are several important shorelines and wetlands, including the Mississippi Snye, which has a rich aquatic flora over marble bedrock, and has recorded observations for the musk turtle.

The river originally powered textile mills. Today, it provides hydroelectric power. Such power dams, however, have all but eliminated American eels from the river. These eels were once an abundant source of food for aboriginal populations, as well as providing a source of food for great blue herons, otters, and other animals.

There are many important natural areas along the river. Purdon Conservation Area supports Canada's largest native colony of showy lady slipper orchids, comprising about 16,000 plants. The Carleton Place Hackberry stand, and the Innisville Wetlands, have both been mentioned above. In drier areas, there are several provincially significant alvars, limestone plains with exposed rock and many rare plants. These include the Burnt Lands Alvar and the Panmure Alvar.

Public Notice - Release Form

I, Doug Snedden, acknowledge that participating in any aspect of a Mississippi Cleanup Project (MCP) river cleanup or activity involves an above average risk of personal injury to me and my property, and I knowingly and voluntarily agree to the terms and conditions outlined in this CONSENT, WAIVER AND RELEASE FROM LIABILITY.

In consideration and exchange for participating in an MCP river cleanup action or activity, I agree to the following:

I am in good health and have no physical conditions that affect my ability to participate in the cleanup and have not been advised otherwise by a medical practitioner. I am covered by my own medical coverage. I agree that before I participate in any portion of an MCP river cleanup activity, I will inspect the related facilities, site, and or equipment. If required, I will immediately correct any unsafe condition that I observe. I will not participate in any river cleanup action or activity until all unsafe conditions have been remedied. I will abide by any and all safety guidelines available or applicable to this project.

I assume full responsibility for all risks associated with my participation in an MCP cleanup and the risk of injury or damage caused by the condition of any property, facilities, or equipment used during the project, which may not be foreseeable by anyone at any time. I hereby release, waive, discharge and agree not to hold liable or sue the participants, sponsors or in-kind donors in any or all MCP related river activities or cleanup for and from any injuries, death, losses, damages, liabilities, or expenses that are caused or alleged to be caused by their negligent acts or omissions, or the condition of the property, facilities or equipment used for an MCP related event or activity.

I agree to indemnify, defend, and hold harmless all participants in any and all MCP actions or activities from and against any claims, causes of action, damages, judgments, liabilities, fees (including attorney’s fees), costs and expenses incurred by anyone or organization as a result of my unlawful actions or failures to act during an MCP cleanup action or event.

! agree to wear appropriate safety equipment, as may be established by industry or community standards and common safety practices, during all related MCP activities. In connection with any injury or other medical conditions I may experience during an MCP activity, I authorize medical treatment deemed necessary by medical personnel if I am not able to act on my own behalf. I agree not to sue any applicable medical practitioners who may provide medical treatment to me for malpractice.

This publicly posted waiver and release is a legally binding agreement and will be construed broadly to provide a waiver and release to the maximum extent permissible under applicable law. Any provisions found to be void or unenforceable shall be severed from this agreement, and not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provisions. The provisions of this agreement shall apply to any and all MCP actions or activities past, present and future.

I hereby release, waive, discharge and agree not to sue any related person, organization or supporter of any and all MCP actions and activities for and from any injuries, death, losses, damages, liabilities, or expenses that are caused or alleged to be caused by their negligent acts or omissions, or the condition of the property, facilities or equipment, related to any and all MCP actions and activities.

I agree that if there should ever be a dispute of any kind between myself and MCP or other sponsors or organizers then any such dispute will be decided by binding arbitration pursuant to Ontario law. This agreement shall be enforced and construed according to the laws of the Province of Ontario.


Signature of Participant Date

May 01, 2016

Printed Name Address

Doug Snedden

Carleton Place, Ontario